US FDA confirms the safety of titanium dioxide in food

The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has confirmed the safety of titanium dioxide (TiO2) as a food additive. The update, issued on the 4th of March 2024, included reference to recent conclusions reached by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), who have not found conclusive evidence to support the concerns raised by the disputed European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) 2021.

The FDA stated it “allows for the safe use of TiO2 as a color additive in foods according to the specifications and conditions, including that the quantity of titanium does not exceed 1% by weight of the food, as stated in FDA regulations (21 CFR 73.575).”

Other regulatory bodies, including United Kingdom’s Food Standards Agency (FSA), Health Canada, and Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), have all reached the same conclusion that TiO2 remains safe as a food additive.